Liu Xiwu was a People's Republic of China politician. He was born in Meng County, Henan Province and educated in Kaifeng. In August 1924 he joined the Communist Youth League of China and in 1926 he became a member of the Communist Party of China. While studying at Shanghai University, he joined the League of Left-Wing Writers in 1930. In 1936, he left Shanghai for Yan'an, Shaanxi Province. After the founding of the People's Republic, he became the 1st Communist Party Committee Secretary of Jilin Province.