Benjamin Lewis Rice, popularly known as B. L. Rice, was a British historian, archaeologist and educationist. He is known for his pioneering work in Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu and Tamil inscription in the Kingdom of Mysore. Rice's researches were published as the voluminous Epigraphia Carnatica which contains translations of about 9000 inscriptions he found in the Old Mysore area. Rice also compiled the much acclaimed Mysore Gazetteer which still remains the primary source of information for most places in Mysore and neighbouring Coorg. Rice served with distinction in the Mysore civil service and as first Director of the Mysore State Archaeology Department.